Friday, March 13, 2020
Who is the Greatest Sinner in essays Who is the Greatest Sinner in The Scarlet Letter? There are many sins committed in the novel The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorn, including many counts of adultery, witchcraft, and hatred. Despite the others wrongdoing, one person stands out. Chillingworth is the greatest sinner in the novel. Websters defines sin as the "neglect of the laws of morality and religion." The basis for the argument for the two other sinners in the book thrives off of their adultery. The reason these two cannot be called the greatest sinners is because they admitted and repented their sins. The Bible, the holy book the Puritans studied, told that if they repent their transgression, they will be forgiven. Both Dimmesdale and Hester admitted their sins to the community and more importantly to their God. During their mortal lives, Hester is punished her entire life with the letter and Dimmesdale punishes himself by depriving himself of treatment and nourishment. The sinner in the book who never prays to his Lord for forgiveness should stand out as the greatest sinner. The sins committed by Mr. Chillingworth include his utter need for revenge. He is absolutely evil. He seems to torture poor Dimmesdale while he lives with him. He taunts him when he speaks of some leaves he found near a gra ve; "They grew out of his heart, and typify it may be, some hideous secret that was buried with him, and which he had done better to confess during his lifetime.(pg131)" When he realizes that Dimmesdale is the adulterer that hes been looking for, his face is twisted with joy and pure evil. Hawthorne describes the reaction of Chillingworth after he sees the mark; "Riotously manifest by the extravagant gestures with which he threw up his arms towards the ceiling, and stamped his foot upon the floor! Had a man seen old Roger Chillingworth, at that moment of his ecstasy, he would have had no need to ask how Satan comports himself, w...
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Is Capitalism a fundamentally Western concept or system, and if so, how can we account for its spread and entrenchment in non-Western areas of the world - Essay Example The development of industrialization in West is also considered as the organic growth of the capitalist thoughts and philosophy as capitalism presented an alternative channel of achieving social good in a more comprehensive manner. The pace of industrialization therefore was considered as the epitome of capitalist society and as such the domain of social and economic development achieved its highest status under the development of capitalism in Western countries. What is however, also critical to note that capitalism does not only restricted itself to the Western countries and as such it spread across the non- Western countries also. Since 19th Century, the process of colonialism as well as well as rapid rise of imperialization as well as globalization ensured the rapid spread of capitalism in non-Western countries also. What started as a purely Western Phenomenon therefore soon emerged in non- Western countries too due to various factors. Capitalism rose as a result of the rise in industrialization in 18th century which witnessed the British society turning from a feudal society to more capitalist society. Capitalism in its essence advocates the use of private property rights and indicates that in a society, means of production shall be privately owned for the best possible use. As such capitalism is not only an economic system but it also a social system which regulates the society in an entirely different manner. The basic elements of capitalism therefore include private ownership of the means of production, exchange of goods and services in the market for the sake of profits as well as determination of prices and wages by the market forces is basically constitute the main ingredients of the capitalism.(Morton,2005) What is however, critical to note that capitalism started in Western countries as a result of rapid achievement of technological sophistication and industrialization however, it also
Monday, February 10, 2020
Theory Preposition - Research Paper Example Each of these two approaches focuses on and deals with different features of client dialogue. As a consequence, they follow different techniques of resolving problems. Nevertheless, both have the objective of helping the client, reconciling discrepancies, and mitigating conflict. This essay compares and contrasts the major tenets, concepts, techniques, views of pathology/normality of cognitive-behavioral therapy and person-centered therapy. It also discusses the usefulness of both therapies to advanced nursing practice. Comparing and Contrasting Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and Person-Centered Therapy Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) is a framework of human difficulties and challenges that can be approached from primarily two interconnected domains: philosophical and theoretical. Within the philosophical perspective, CBT can be regarded as being related to some forms of behaviorism. The behaviorist models are commonly philosophies of mind and science, specifically, methods of identif ying and dealing with the interpretation of the problems or difficulties usually related to psychology (Sharf, 2011). On the other hand, the theoretical feature of behavior therapy is more about actual identifications of particular problems. Theories can give reliable explanations or at least verifiable assumptions for issues about more exact problems (Sharf, 2011): How does this problem arise? What are the fundamental features of this form of medical disorder? What are the possible techniques for problem modification? Basically, CBT is a type of psychotherapy that has been shown to be one of the best methods for treating a broad array of disorders such as anxiety and depression. CBT targets thought and behavioral processes that reinforce both normal and abnormal behavior. It rests on the idea that these processes are learned, and, therefore, can be unlearned. CBT is described as collaborative, participative, and brief (Corey, 2009). Even though therapists take into account how diso rders may have emerged, their main interest is in helping the patient pinpoint, understand, and modify what is reinforcing the problem. The therapist-patient relationship is characterized by partnership or collaborating, and patients are motivated to actively participate in the application of techniques during therapy sessions. There are four major techniques employed in CBT: skills training, exposure therapy, behavioral activation, and cognitive restructuring (Norcross, 2002). Skills training assume that some individuals keep away from particular situations because they believe they do not have the necessary skills to handle them. For that reason, CBT normally involves acquiring new behavioral abilities to handle difficult social circumstances and anxiety. Through exposure therapy, CBT helps individuals conquer anxiety by systematically confronting their fears. This technique rests on the assumption that anxiety is reinforced by avoidance (Sharf, 2011). On the other hand, depressio n usually results in indifference, avoidance, and withdrawal. Through behavioral activation, or the process of enhancing rewards, CBT helps individuals recognize and take part in activities or tasks that give them the opportunity to gain rewards or gratifying experiences (Norcross, 2002). Lastly, according to Corsini and Wedding
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Ernest Hemingway Legend Essay Ernest Hemingway is the ideal of an American legend, rugged, no-nonsense, with personal adventures rivaled only by those in his groundbreaking fiction.Ã His sparse newspaper style created a literary furor and his success came early and grew until the day he died.Ã In addition to his canonical novels, Hemingway was also adept at short fiction, including one only six-words long.Ã Besides, his male bravado, he also managed to capture the alienating effects of modern life in his fiction.Ã The modern themes of abortion, feminism, and alienation are expressed simply and eloquently in Ã¢â¬Å"Hills Like White Elephants. Ã¢â¬ In the short story Ã¢â¬Å"Hills Like White Elephants,Ã¢â¬ Hemingway explores modern alienation in a tense discussion between a couple waiting for a train.Ã Two Americans in Spain, the man is trying to pressure the woman into some operation, though it is never revealed what this operation is.Ã Throughout the tense, yet sparse conversation, the man insists she have the operation, yet the woman resists.Ã It becomes increasingly clear that the operation they discuss may be an abortion, and the tension between the two symbolizes something uniquely modern.Ã Though abortions have been performed for centuries, it remained taboo until the twentieth century. Hemingway, though never specifically citing abortion as the subject in the story, displays the alienating effect it has on relationships and couples:Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËItÃ¢â¬â¢s really an awfully simple operation, Jig,Ã¢â¬â¢ the man said. Ã¢â¬ËItÃ¢â¬â¢s not really an operation at all.Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã The girl looked at the ground the table legs rested on. Ã¢â¬ËI know you wouldnt mind it, Jig. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s really not anything. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s just to let the air inÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (Hemingway).Ã The man refuses to completely acknowledge the significance of the situation, perhaps suggesting either his refusal or dismissal of JigÃ¢â¬â¢s role as a woman worthy of making her own decision. According to critic Paul Lankin, Ã¢â¬Å"as the man persists in opposing the continuance of JigÃ¢â¬â¢s maternity, he grossly oversimplifies the issue, even to the point of self-contradiction, calling abortion first Ã¢â¬Ëan awfully simple operationÃ¢â¬â¢ and then Ã¢â¬Ënot really an operation at allÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (234).Ã His dismissive attitude speaks of a former socially acceptable condescension by men towards women during a time when women were often treated as second class citizens.Ã This frank discussion between the man and the woman seems only possible in modern literature and seems unimaginable during Victorian times. The tension between the man and the girl is palpable in the short story.Ã Though they are travelers, imbibing alcohol and waiting for the train to their next destination, the conversation is filled with underlying themes of male dominance and female perseverance.Ã The man continuously belittles the girlÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings towards the pregnancy, and his argument includes many attempts at downplaying the importance.Ã The man persistently tries to convince her, even though he seems to feign sincerity in much of his words: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËWell,Ã¢â¬â¢ the man said, Ã¢â¬Ëif you donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to.Ã I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have you do it if you didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to.Ã But I know itÃ¢â¬â¢s perfectly simpleÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (Hemingway). Ã The girl does her best to contend with the man, believing that if she listens to him the relationship will be back to normal.Ã She hides her worry with levity, including her comment about the hills looking like white elephants.Ã It becomes apparent that more than fear over the procedure, the girl is coming to the realization that her relationship with the man is not what she thought it was: Ã¢â¬Å"the girl clings to a dream of family and togetherness until the last minute, and finally decides to give it all up as the requisite price of staying with the man-not knowing, as the reader does, from the many hints provided by Hemingway, that the man is likely to leave her, even if she goes through with the abortionÃ¢â¬ (Hashmi 3). Her final declaration that she is fine is the affirmation that a man cannot dictate her womanhood and her life decisions.Ã In the end, she becomes the one with the strength and wisdom, understanding that the relationship is forever changed.Ã The newfound disconnect between the man and the girl will be permanent after this episode, exemplifying the theme of alienation brought by many modern decisions. Though the man believes that the only way to preserve the comfortable relationship is to maintain the status quo, even if it means aborting their baby, the woman disagrees.Ã The American tries to make himself sound perfectly reasonable and rational, but as the dialogue continues, it becomes clear that he is both selfish and hypocritical (Ã¢â¬Å"Overview: Hills Like White ElephantsÃ¢â¬ ). The coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s disagreement, about something as monumental as creating human life, is a clear sign that they have little that bonds them other than their superficiality.Ã The girl even comments in the beginning of the story how, Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s all we do, isnt it look at things and try new drinks?Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ The man responds, Ã¢â¬Å"I guess soÃ¢â¬ (Hemingway).Ã Later, when the man claims that everything will be the same after the abortion and the baby is the only thing that made them unhappy, it seems like a statement lacking all truth. The very fact that keeping or aborting a baby is a choice, is a uniquely modern issue.Ã The reality of having to even consider it completely destroys their carefree lifestyle as travelers in Europe, and underlines their existences as solitary beings alienated from each other.Ã Ironically, the man claims that he only wants her and no one else, but his statements seem insincere. The girl realizes their alienation from each other and the happiness they once knew with the Ã¢â¬Å"claim that Europe Ã¢â¬ËisnÃ¢â¬â¢t ours anymore,Ã¢â¬â¢ which expresses her knowledge that such an innocent return to a secularized American-in-Europe experience of time is impossibleÃ¢â¬ (Grant 3).Ã Europe is not theirs to share, seemingly as if enjoyment is also no longer theirs to share.Ã The complexity of their modern dilemma illustrates the true distance between them. HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s story is one that could only be written during modern times.Ã Though not many years removed from the Victorian Age, the themes of abortion, feminine independence, and modern alienation have continued to echo throughout the literature of modernity.Ã While short and devoid of lengthy descriptions, the dialogue and significant themes give Ã¢â¬Å"Hills Like White ElephantsÃ¢â¬ a lasting power that only continues to grow as time goes by. Works Cited: Grant, David. Ã¢â¬Å"Hemingways Ã¢â¬ËHills Like White ElephantsÃ¢â¬â¢ and the tradition of the American in Europe.Ã¢â¬ Studies in Short Fiction. Summer, 1998. 25 July 2008. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2455/is_3_35/ai_83585388/pg_3. Hashmi, Nilofer. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËHills Like White ElephantsÃ¢â¬â¢: The Jilting Of Jig.Ã¢â¬ The Hemingway Review. Ã Fall 2003. 25 July 2008. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3786/is_200310/ai_n9334110/pg_3. Hemingway, Ernest. Ã¢â¬Å"Hills Like White Elephants.Ã¢â¬ The Heath Anthology of American Literature.Ã Lauter, Paul.Ã 3rd Ed.Ã Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1998. Ã¢â¬Å"Hills Like White Elephants.Ã¢â¬ Short Stories for Students, Vol. 6. The Gale Group, 1999. Lankin, Paul. Ã¢â¬Å"HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s Hills Like White Elephants.Ã¢â¬ The Explicator. Summer 2005; v63.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
ABSTRACT Searching for mines is a time consuming and relatively hazardous operation that is heavily weighted in the favour of the miner if the defending force has not prepared the battlespace beforehand. In simple terms, if the environment in which the enemy is likely to launch a mine attack is known, and the defending forces are familiar with the bottom conditions then the enemy mines are more easily localised and subsequently eliminated. The method of achieving this familiarity with the environment is known by a number of terms but most commonly used is Q-Route Survey or just Route Survey. From the introduction of minehunting sonars in the 60Ã¢â¬â¢s Navies have been interested in developing databases of the minelike bottom objects with theareas that they may operate Ã¢â¬â the battlespace. These efforts have been plagued by a number of fundemental equipment and philosophical problems. Apart from the difficulties faced with precisely positioning the mine-like objects on the bottom the general navigation and plotting accuracies of the vessels was very poor. This contributed to so great a lack of confidence by succeeding vessel commanders about the validity of the database of bottom objects that the databases invariably failed. The failure of a MCM database is catastrophic for the defenders, after an attack, as it means that all bottom objects would need to be reinvestigated to prove they were not mines. Even in moderately cluttered bottom conditions such as in harbours or approaches where there may be 300-400 objects per kilometer of 600m wide channel the investigation and discrimination of all these objects would involve a speed of advance for the dedicated minehunting vessel of less than one knot! There had to be a more efficient way. In the early 80Ã¢â¬â¢s the sidescan sonar systems were being supplemented by the fabulously powerful 286 computers. This allowed the sonar signal to be digitised, displayed on a screen and recorded to magnetic medium then stored. This opened the way for the sidescan sonar to be used to define the battlespace. The first generation systems have done a quite good job of achieving the aims when employed by efficient, well trained crews. However, this has been the exception rather than the rule, and the quality of the data so far collected probably less than optimum. In addition the storage of this early data was invariably based on the basis of positioning all the Ã¢â¬Å"minelike contactsÃ¢â¬ geographically and a consequent lack of care with storage of the original sonar data.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
JOHN: John has always wanted to be a professional footballer and loves playing the game. This is the main reason why he keeps himself motivated and participating in sport. He has a high achievement motivation as he really wants to succeed in football. If it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t for these reasons he would probably stop playing football or play for a team where there is lower pressure to win. One of the reasons why he may only participate in sport for a short time is that he internally attributes failure. He thinks of himself as being a bad defender and is not quick enough. This will mean that he has low confidence in himself so he may want to stop participating in football. As the coach is not telling him otherwise he really believes it is true. This is the next reason why he might not participate in sport for very long as he receives no verbal persuasion. His coach does not tell him that he values John and it makes him feel like he is not wanted in the team. As he has no self confidence this will make him feel like he is not good at football. Instead of giving praise the coach also shouts things like Ã¢â¬Å"thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not good enoughÃ¢â¬ which makes him feel even worse. The final reason that he may not participate long in sport is that his coach always blames the results on unstable factors instead of addressing the problems. He tells John and his team mates they only lost because of bad refereeing or bad pitches. This will give them a false sense of confidence as they will think hey can continue playing like they are until luck goes on their side. JULIA: Julia has a high achievement motivation as she loves her sport and loves winning races. She has been winning lots of races recently so is very confident. This will help her to carry on participating as she is pleased with the achievements that she is getting like winning races. Her coach is always giving her verbal persuasion and telling her she is good at running. He praises her before and after each session so that she will always be confident. This will help her to continue participating in running as her confidence is high. Julia has plenty of opportunities of success as not only does she enter lots of races she also reaches goals when she is training which success is. While she is gaining success she will want to continue running. The coach does this on purpose so she will no that she is capable of gaining good times as she will have done so in training. Julia has plenty of vicarious opportunities. This is where she gets to see other people and how they run. As she runs on her own she needs someone else to watch. Her coach is still an active runner and wins races some of which are televised. Julia will be able to watch her coach and see how he performs and trains and then try and follow his example. If he is putting in the training and winning big races then she will be able to see the benefits of her training. Her only downfall is that she sometimes exhibits internal failure. She gets nervous before a race so her coach tells her to relax before a race but she finds this very difficult. This could be something she needs to conquer to gain more success. JOHN: The first way in which John could be motivated so that he will continue participation is by getting verbal persuasion. John is a player who does not believe he is good enough so it is essential that someone tells him that he is. This person should be the coach who needs to let john no what he is good is. As john does not think that he is quick enough the coach could tell john the things that he is good at so he can use the attributes he has got. If john is playing badly then the coach needs to explain what he is doing wrong and not just shout at john for playing badly as this will make his confidence even lower. If johns coach is not telling him this then other team mates or a parent could help him to start playing better. The coach will also need to find out how to motivate John. To do this the coach will need to work out why John is laying for the team like weather it is to be a professional or because he really likes to win. After the coach has found this out he will be able to motivate john better. The coach could do this by arranging an interview with john and asking him about his problems at the club. After he has found out about Johns problems he could set goals at training for him to aim for. Another method that could be used to motivate john would be to give him some vicarious experience. This is experience from watching another player. From this he would be able to pick up lots of pointers and it could help to improve johns game which would in turn would improve his confidence and make him want keep participating. The coach could arrange for John to watch an older boy playing at right back and let him take notes on how he plays. Or the coach could get John to watch a professional full back on the television and gain take notes on the player. This method is very good for people of a younger age like John as it can help them to develop there game in later life. JULIA: JuliaÃ¢â¬â¢s coach uses goal setting in training for some things. In order to keeps Julia staying motivating he could introduce lots of goals. Goal setting is good for Julia for two reasons. The first is that she will realize her potential so if she is getting her goals in training then she will know that she will be able to get the goals in the real race. This will help her confidence as she will believe in herself. The second reason is that it gives her success which will make her confidence high. Julia loves success so her gaining her goals in training will make her very confident and happy. When she is confident and happy she will want to keep participating in her sort. The second motivation strategy that can be used to keep Julia participating in her sport would be to offer her extrinsic rewards. This could be of her coach or off her parents. Extrinsic rewards are things such as money or items that can be offered to Julia if she wins a race. For example her parents could say if you break our personal best of one and a half hours we will buy you the running shoes that you wanted. This will make Julia want to train very hard so that she can get the new running shoes. It will also make her keep participating as she knows that if she stops participating she will not get the shoes that she wants. The coach can offer different types of rewards. For example he could say if you win the county race I will get you a trial for England running team. He can do this as he is head of the England Juniors. This will make Julia want to carry on participating as this reward would be a dream come true. The main reason that Julia keeps training hard for eight hours a day is because her coach gives her lots of verbal persuasion. This is the main reason for Julia participating as it makes her feel good about herself. This means that for Julia to continue to participate in running her coach needs to continue to praise Julia when she does something good.
Monday, January 6, 2020
1. What professional activities have I engaged in during the week? (DonÃ¢â¬â¢t just list your activities. There should be some discussion of them.) Since the first day of field placement I have engaged in several professional activities, which made me further realize that a professional career in social work is the right path for me. On my very first day I was exposed to the professional activities of social work, but to my surprise I went on my first hospital visit with the Lead Care Coordinator. I was very nervous because it was first professional encounter as well as my first day as an internship. Once we arrived at the hospital I was not as nervous because the Lead Care Coordinator thoroughly explained to me the procedures that Social workers do while at the hospital. After gathered all the necessary paper work, we began making visits to all the patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ rooms in order to offer our services. We were able to enroll two patients into our program, while others declined. 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